Adding Bitmaps to Menus

Tuesday Nov 19th 2002 by John Percival
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Adding Bitmaps to Menus. Spice up your application by adding Office 97 type images to your menus with help from the API.

This tip explains how to add bitmap pictures to menu items.

Declarations

Add the following code to the_ declarations section of_ a module:

Declare Function GetMenu Lib_
     "user32" _
(ByVal hwnd As Long) As Long

Declare Function GetSubMenu Lib_
     "user32" _
(ByVal hMenu As Long, ByVal_
    nPos As Long)As Long_
     
Declare Function GetMenuItemID Lib_
     "user32" _
(ByVal hMenu As Long, ByVal_
     nPos As Long)As Long_
     

Declare Function SetMenuItemBitmaps_
     Lib "user32" _
(ByVal hMenu As Long, ByVal nPosition_
     As Long, _
ByVal wFlags As Long, ByVal_
     hBitmapUnchecked As Long,_
ByVal hBitmapChecked As Long) As Long

Public Const MF_BITMAP = &H4&

Type MENUITEMINFO
    cbSize As Long
    fMask As Long
    fType As Long
    fState As Long
    wID As Long
    hSubMenu As Long
    hbmpChecked As Long
    hbmpUnchecked As Long
    dwItemData As Long
    dwTypeData As String
    cch As Long
End Type

Declare Function GetMenuItemCount Lib_
     "user32" _
(ByVal hMenu As Long) As Long

Declare Function GetMenuItemInfo Lib_
     "user32" _
Alias "GetMenuItemInfoA"_
     (ByVal hMenu As Long, _
ByVal un As Long, ByVal b As Boolean, _
lpMenuItemInfo As MENUITEMINFO) As Boolean

Public Const MIIM_ID = &H2
Public Const MIIM_TYPE = &H10
Public Const MFT_STRING = &H0&

Code

  • Add one form to the project.
  • Add a picturebox (Autosize = True)_ with a bitmap (not an icon!!!),_ max. 13X13
  • Add a commandbutton with following code:
Private Sub Command1_Click()

' Get the menuhandle of your app
hMenu& = GetMenu(Form1.hwnd)

' Get the handle of the first submenu (Hello)
hSubMenu& = GetSubMenu(hMenu&, 0)

' Get the menuId of the first entry (Bitmap)
hID& = GetMenuItemID(hSubMenu&, 0)

' Add the bitmap

SetMenuItemBitmaps hMenu&, hID&,_
MF_BITMAP, _
Picture1.Picture, _
Picture1.Picture
' You can add two bitmaps to a menuentry
' One for the checked and one for the unchecked
' state.

End Sub
  • Run the Project and click the button.
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