A new 451 Research study titled "Custom Apps: The Engine for Digital Transformation" found that almost 60 percent of custom enterprise apps are created by people who don't work in the IT department. The report added, "Of those apps, 30 percent were created by citizen developers -- that is, employees without formal programming training or experience. This trend is growing rapidly, as 82 percent of all businesses report that citizen developers are going to become more important to businesses over the next two years."
Among the benefits of this citizen developer approach, the survey respondents listed "designed from the start to match specific business requirements" and "greater flexibility in modifying once deployed." Challenges include time, cost and lack of employee expertise.